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Hero's journey across salt desert
Hero's journey across salt desert

Dasht-e Kavir Desert, central desert or Great salt desert is a vast desert that is located in the heart of Iran's plateau, 300 kilometers from the east and southeast of Tehran province. The desert is about 800 kilometers long and 320 kilometers wide and...

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Dasht-e Kavir Desert, central desert or Great salt desert is a vast desert that is located in the heart of Iran's plateau, 300 kilometers east and southeast of Tehran province. The desert is about 800 kilometers long and 320 kilometers wide and its surface are covered by mud and salt marshes. A vast expanse of the Iran's plateau is covered by Dasht-e Kavir Desert, which is the widest and one of the most magnificent deserts in Iran and dominating a wide range from the southeast of the Alborz Mountains up to the central of Iran, and encompasses the provinces of Kerman, Khorasan RazaviSemnanYazd, Tehran and Markazi. Kavir National Park, Khar Turan National Park, Bajestan Desert, Haj Aligholi Desert (Damghan), Maranjab Desert, Mesr Desert, Rig-e Jenn (devil's dunes) and … are located in the Dasht-e Kavir Desert.

The approximate area of the Dasht-e Kavir Desert is more than 77,000 square kilometers, and it is considered as one of the heat poles of the earth. By the day, The scorching heat of the desert, soar to over 50 degrees and sometimes the temperature difference between day and night reaches 70 degrees Celsius. The Dasht-e Kavir Desert is covered with spectacular geological phenomena such as Namak Lake (Salt Lake) where lies in the western part of the desert, salt domes and sand dunes and most of the desert surface is covered by vast quicksand. The desert vegetation is mostly located in the margin of its quicksand that consists mainly of salt-tolerant plants (halophyte).

Over ten millions of years ago, the Dasht-e Kavir Desert was taken up by a Salt Lake that surrounded a small territory that is now located in the center of Iran. After the lake dried up, a layer of salt in the thickness of 6 to 7 kilometers was formed in this area and buried under a thick layer of mud. But the density of the salt is less than the density of the mud and rocks. So, this element gradually pushes its upper layers and eventually penetrates the sediments over millions of years and formed interesting salt domes on the surface of the desert. The salt domes of the Dasht-e Kavir Desert are among the best examples of this geological phenomena around the world. About 50 salt domes have been identified by geologists in this area and some of them have been eroded due to exposure to the wind and rain. The Dasht-e Kavir Desert is almost uninhabited due to the harsh weather conditions and uncultivated soil and the human settlements are limited to scattered oases in the surrounding mountain ranges. In the mountainous areas, several species of wild animals such as wild Sheep, Camel, Goats, Persian leopard and Asiatic cheetah live. 

 


Iran Desert Tour

 

 

What is the best time to go?

Travel to the Iran's deserts is a warm experience for cooler days in the fall and winter. But you must avoid travelling to the Dasht-e Kavir Desert without someone who knows the region well. Due to the existence of fearsome quicksand and harsh weather conditions, travelling there is considered to be treacherous.

 

Getting there:

As we mentioned, The Dasht-e Kavir Desert dominates a large area of the central Iran's plateau. The route that we suggest to pass through the desert is: begin from Yazd or Kharanagh in the south of the desert and end in Damghan by driving about 680 kilometers to the heart of the desert.

 Read More About Iran deserts:

Mesr Desert

Lut Desret

Varzaneh Desert

Maranjab Desert

 

 

2018-07-01 | by HiPersia Content production
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