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Urmia in northwest Iran is a city with many historical and natural attractions. One of the most spectacular attractions of this city is the Tower of the Segonbad.

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The Segonbad (Three Dome) tower is an 800-year-old tomb and dating back to Seljuq time. And with exceptional architecture is a valuable treasure of history. This building was not much attention until the 19th century. This building built in 580 AH in the southeastern part of the city of Urmia, and today it is spreading the city among the old texture. To protect the tower, they made the enclosure to prevent damage to the tower structure and decorations.




The tomb is built in a circular cylindrical form of stone and brick. The lower parts of the tower are up to 6,3 m high, covered with gray shaved rocks, but from this section up the entire building is made of rectangular bricks.

The Segonbad was built in the year 580 AH by Mansur Ibn Musa, and although it built at the time of the Seljuqs, its brickwork and its appearance are like the Tughril era. The entrance door of the building consists of three stone inscriptions in Kufic which listed at the end of the date of 580 AH. According to these inscriptions, one of the Seljuq emirs made on the order of Sheth Ghateh al-Mozafari.

Segonbad, the tower is 13 meters high and 5 meters in diameter, which has two sections of the tomb and a basement and two separate entrances. On both sides, there are two lightwells on the northern and southern sides.  




The tomb room has a square shape, but it is a square room with a unique architect's skill in a cylindrical tower. The tomb room has a square shape, but it is a square room with a unique architect's skill in a cylindrical tower. There are many historical graves around the tower. These graves, whose owners were the privileged class of society, but today these graves have disappeared.




An exciting feature of this tomb is the beautiful and eye-catching view that despite the fact that the tile decorated at that time, there was no trace of color in the building. But the architect used shining brown bricks and stones to show his skill.


The weather in Urmia city is almost hot in the summer and cold in winter. The best time to visit Urmia is spring. The Segonbad open every day from 9 am to 10 pm but, on official holidays, it close.


This tomb is the way from the eastern side of the Rahnemaiy street and from the western side to the street of Janbazan. From Golestan Park to Segonbad is just 5 minutes away by car.

2019-05-21 | by Kasra Yazdanpajoh
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