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The Mount Damavand
The Mount Damavand

The Mount Damavand is the highest summit in the magnificent mountain ranges of Alborz. Malek ol Shoaraye Bahar, who is known for his poems, describe it as a captive demon.

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The Mount Damavand (5610m) is the highest mountain in the Middle East. It’s easily accessible from Tehran, although it is actually in Mazandaran province. The Mount Damavand has many mythological tales associated with and it is known for King Zahak, who was a brutal king and captured there. In reality, it is a dormant volcano that still belches out Sulphuric gasses and strong enough to kill unfortunate stray sheep. Its image is one of the most recognizable icons in Iran.
Mountainous weather, Silence and tranquility, gorgeous gardens and trees which have a special beauty in every season, all of them make the Mount Damavand dreamy and delightful destination for people who live in a crowded and polluted city, just by paying minimum expenses.
Singing birds, the scent of flowers in a breeze and picturesque landscape of stretched mountains such as the Mount Damavand, are enough to engage visitors’ attention. Whether Damavand is your home and native land or if you’re just one of the masses yearning to breathe free, the possibility for adventure on this place is utterly staggering. As a wonder of the natural world, the Mount Damavand is a sight to behold.


The Mount Damavand


There are a lot of natural resources in this region such as groundwater, freshwater springs, Permanent-river and Mineral water spring.
There are about 9 permanent and seasonal rivers which originate from the Mount Damavand. Five rivers running along the northern slopes and the other along the southern half. The most important river, which fed from the Mount Damavand, is the Haraz river.
The Damavand Mountain Springs is usually lower than 3500 meters high. The temperature of some springs reach about 70 to 80 degrees Centigrade.


Marvel at its unique landscape before you hike, explore, and take in a sunset at its impossibly picturesque lush slopes of the central Alborz. The Larijan spring is located on the northern part of the Haraz river, south of the Mount Damavand. Every year, thousands of enthusiastic tourists travel to the Larijan spring in order to use the benefits of the spring. Its temperature ranges from 65 to 70 degrees Centigrade. The taste of water is unpleasant and the odor of hydrogen-sulfur is spread throughout the spring. The spring water encompasses some minerals such as magnesium bicarbonate, which is useful for skin diseases, old ulcers, rheumatism, respiratory system diseases and neurological disorders.


The water is clear as a tear. It emerges from depth of ground through the gap of limestones. The quality is unbelievable as if it has the elixir of life. Partly direct to the Polur mineral water plant, and the rest of the water flows into the Haraz river.


A variety of animals exist in this region, because of the area extension. There is a dense forest, from the north and mountains from the south. The animal coverage encompasses Carnivores such as jackals, dogs, wolves, bear and Herbivores such as ewes, deer, boar, rabbit and Birds such as golden eagle, owl and bat.


This shelter is located in the western side of the Mount Damavand at an altitude of 4200 meters. The Simorgh shelter was built in 1993 out of stone and iron in two stories. The building has a capacity of 40 climbers with solid structure. The air pressure is about 540 mm Hg in the Simorgh Shelter.


The Simorgh shelter 


There are three buildings in the south face of the Mount Damavand. Saheb-Al-Zaman mosque was built in 1993 at an altitude of 3000 meters as the first refuge in this direction. The Bargah-Sevom Shelter was built at an altitude of 4200 meters and was destroyed by an avalanche. So, a stone building was built instead of it. The new shelter was built in 2008, about 50 meters upper than previous location. The new Bargah-Sevom Shelter has First aid rooms, storage bins, public storage, dining room, kitchen, management room, common bedroom, private bedroom and public bathroom.


The Bargah-Sevom shelter


Beauty, mysterious and dangerous are incredibly accurate about the Mount Damavand for all the seasons. Winter is glory and windy, spring and autumn are unstable and summer is dry and cold, so these descriptions are useful for climbers. The climbing season is from June to September because the weather conditions are stable, or May and October for experienced climbers.


To conquer the Mount Damavand, there are four main directions: the north, east, west and south face, but the south face is the most common and easily accessible directions. After passing the Rhine passage to the Ehsani grazing by using the SUV vehicle, climbers stay a night in a shelter. Afterwards, by ascending from the straight edge of the south and passing through the iceberg to a sulfur hill, they eventually conquer the summit.

Damavand Trekking Tour




2017-07-16 | by Content production unit HiPersia
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